Subscribe to receive the latest news from the UIS. View Gallery. Explore themes Browse by country. Sustainable Development Goal 4. Learning Outcomes. Out-of-School Children and Youth. Data to Break the Barriers to Education. Gender Equality in Education. Data to Help Close the Gap. Equity in Education. Education in Africa. Data for the Region Facing the Biggest Challenges. Education Finance. Data and Tools to Track Funding. Higher Education. Educational Attainment. In , Malaysia became the first Asia Pacific nation to regulate for equity crowdfunding in its drive to develop the FinTech agenda.
Moreover, Malaysia recorded the highest innovation performance amongst middle income countries. The high levels of digital adoption and internet penetration in Malaysia make it an attractive market for Australian FinTech solutions. The limited FinTech solutions available in Malaysia coupled with growing demand reflect a market opportunity that Australian firms are well placed to access. Digital Media is booming in Malaysia, a country with 67 per cent internet penetration that is set to increase further with emerging adoption of mobile devices and social media.
The mobile entertainment segment is the primary contributor of premium content revenues growth, which is likely to be driven by mobile gaming and music-based content. Malaysia strives to promote itself as an IT hub in the Asia-Pacific region. Demand for broadband is increasing due to mobile technology.
Mobile broadband is increasingly popular in the country with growing ownership rates of smartphone handsets and other mobile devices. In its efforts to become an industrialised nation by year and realising the importance of broadband as the backbone of a knowledge economy, the government has rolled out a national broadband plan and invested in wireless networks to increase broadband access.
Data is a common ground, a starting point for each ICT system. Data needs processing, use of different technologies and state-of-the-art methods in order to . ICT Innovations World of Data (Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing) [Ana Madevska Bogdanova, Dejan Gjorgjevikj] on bargeschvawisra.gq * FREE*.
The broadband strategy to help achieve the target will use a mixture of fixed, mobile and satellite technologies. The push for broadband increased access will create a large demand for telecommunication products and solutions in the country, including cloud computing. Cloud computing is expected to gain momentum, with growing investments in data centres and ICT infrastructure in Malaysia. This model is becoming an important part of most organisations.
The overall Somali community empowerment programme has been documented as boosting job training and placement for 8, young people women and men.
Tests before and after showed statistically significant improvement in skills, with the youth livelihoods programme being linked to job placements. In Pakistan, the BUNYAD Literacy Community Council BLCC launched the Mobile Rickshaw Libraries initiative in - a mobile library service that aims to promote reading habits among young people and adults, in response to the country's growing problem with students dropping out of school, and adults not getting opportunities to practice reading.
It also supports women's empowerment by hosting reading materials that would strengthen the literacy skills of their female population. This projects uses ICTs and other e-learning materials - the rickshaw libraries have laptops and multimedia screens, and use educational websites such as eLearn. Some of the educational materials are downloaded in advance, so people can still use them on the available laptops even without internet connections. As of July , the initiative has already reached 6, students and adult women.
In Philippines, on the aspect of gender empowerment particularly for breastfeeding mothers, social media is used in order to disseminate effective and proper ways of increasing one's breast milk supply. ICTs can be a supportive tool to develop and serve with reliable, timely, high-quality and affordable health care and health information systems and to provide health education, training and improve health research. This is approximately million people wherein three out of every four are living in developing countries, half are of working age, half are women and the highest incidence and prevalence of disabilities occurs in poor areas.
At the international level, there are numerous guiding documents impacting on the education of people with disabilities such as Universal Declaration of Human Rights , moving to the Convention against Discrimination in Education , the Convention on the Rights of the Child , the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities CRPD includes policies about accessibility, non-discrimination, equal opportunity, full and effective participation and other issues.
Although these do not specifically mention the right to access ICT for people with disabilities, two key elements within the MDGs are to reduce the number of people in poverty and to reach out to the marginalised groups without access to ICT. Moreover, ICT can give everyone the access of global information about health and medication that would educate everyone more about anything in this field, but most importantly, ICT can also spread awareness to the youth and younger generations through the use of internet.
It can be any of the following types: .
Business-to-business or B2B — buying and selling between businesses or companies using enterprise e-commerce platforms in a closed environment. Business-to-consumer or B2C — traditional retail model conducted over the internet. Consumer-to-consumer or C2C — consumers trade, buy, and sell products and services online.
Consumer-to-business or C2B — consumers sells products and services to businesses online. Business-to-government or B2G — businesses whose sole clients are governments. Barriers to e-Commerce adoption in developing countries  based on Barriers to ecommerce in developing countries by Japhet E. Lawrence, PhD and Usman A.
The growth of e-Commerce is very high in developed and developing countries but it is curbed due to infrastructural, socio-cultural, socio-economic, and political and governmental barriers. ICTs, when employed correctly, can be effectively used to aid political development. Often, this progress is achieved by strengthening the cooperation between the government and its citizens, commonly done through interaction. Government agencies, sectors, and organizations take advantage of ICTs to establish and maintain an online presence — a factor that is crucial to information-based societies where the majority of information is accessed, generated and shared via the internet.
The specific purposes mentioned in each stage above indicate the convenience, efficiency, and security that ICTs provide. Moreover, it depicts how to maximize these benefits by implementing interactive features.
As a result, the government is able to reach out further to its citizens. It can answer to their needs in a more transparent, speedy, and cost-effective way. New forms of technology, such as social media platforms, provide spaces where individuals can participate in expressions of civic engagement.
Researchers are now realizing that activity such as Twitter use " Social Networking Sites SNS are indispensable for it provides a venue for civic engagement for its users to call attention to issues that needs action because of the nature of social media platforms as an effective tool in disseminating information to all its users. Social media can also be used as a support venue for solving problems and also a means for reporting criminal activity or calamity issues that affects the well being of communities.
Social media is also used for inciting volunteerism by letting others know of situations in places that requires civic intervention and organize activities to make it happen. Civic engagement plays a large part in e-government, particularly in the area of Transparency and Accountability. ICTs are used to promote openness in the government as well as a platform for citizens to report on anomalous government activities for the purpose of reducing corruption and in promoting efficiency.
Even before the advent or popularity of social media platforms, internet forums were already present. Here, people could share their concerns about pertinent topics to seek solutions. In third-world countries like the Philippines, the text brigade is an easy method for informing and gathering people for whatever purpose. The e-government action plan includes applications and services for ensuring transparency, improving efficiency, strengthening citizen relations, making need-based initiatives, allocating public resources efficiently and enhancing international cooperation.
Writing about ICTs for government use in , W. Howard Gammon can be credited as writing the first e-government research paper. Though not mentioning the word "e-government", his article "The Automatic Handling of Office Paper Work" tackled tactics regarding government processes and information systems or electronic machinery.
In the Philippines, the administration now uses social media to converse more with its citizens for it makes people feel more in touch with the highest official in the land. Mirandilla-Santos, it has been suggested from research in the Philippines, that an average citizen does not actively seek information about politics and government, even during an election campaign. Civic engagement through social media also takes the shape of political blogs.
However, in some cases, particularly for the Philippines, it was disputed that those political bloggers only represent an elite few, not a common representation of the populace, nor various representations. Political bloggers in the Philippines were generally of a specific demographic, mostly young males, 25—34 years old, Metro-Manila based, with a college level education and making a high income. According to Mary Grace P.